Obama proposes shifting funds from nuclear nonproliferation to nuclear weapons | The Center for Public Integrity

The officials have also decided to discuss a potential agreement for such reductions with Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Under the Obama administration’s proposal for fiscal year 2014, spending for the MOX plant would be around $330 million, or 47 percent of the budget it was supposed to get next year. That plant was initially budgeted at $1.8 billion, but the pricetag has ballooned to at least $7.5 billion, provoking widespread criticism and allegations of mismanagement.

Under the 2014 proposal, the Energy Department’s nuclear weapons activities funding — which includes modernization efforts for bomber-based and missile-based warheads – would be increased roughly 7 percent, or around $500 million, above the current level of $7.227 billion for these activities.

The priority shift “is going to be a disaster,” said a Democratic congressional aide, who asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak on the budget before its official release. Elzea, declined to address the issue in detail but confirmed that “over the past year DOD and DOE carried out a joint study regarding DOD’s nuclear weapons requirements and funding options for those requirements. It then asked the Pentagon to provide the additional $7 billion.

Much of the reduction in nonproliferation spending – around $183 million – would come from a controversial plant designed to transform excess plutonium from the U.S. But Democrats on Capitol Hill and independent arms control groups predicted the decision will provoke controversy and a substantial budget fight this year.

Only one category of Energy Department nonproliferation work would be increased – research and development, mostly to finance work on a new nuclear detonation sensor to be placed about Air Force satellites.

The Energy Department needs at least $3 billion to $5 billion more to upgrade the B61 nuclear bomb – meant for deployment aboard strategic and tactical aircraft – than it initially expected, and several billions of dollars more to cover cost overruns in construction of the uranium processing facility. military deploys could be cut by at least a third, below a limit of 1550 established in a treaty with Russia in 2010. continue to sustain the nation’s nuclear security,” he said, without delving into budgetary issues or specific programs.

Joan Rohlfing, president of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit arms control group founded by Ted Turner and former Sen. Not by a long shot.” He also proudly said the government has been “increasing funding, and sustaining it … nuclear weapons arsenal into fuel for reactors that generate electricity, known as the Mixed-Oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant in Savannah River, S.C. At the end of it, a $250 million DOE “nuclear counterterrorism incident response” program previously considered a weapons activity was shifted to the nonproliferation budget account, a change that has the effect of making the bottom line for that account look better than it otherwise would have.

Secretary of Energy nominee Ernest Moniz, speaking at a Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday, ducked multiple questions from Sen. “I will certainly look into this with high priority” if confirmed, he told Scott.

To cover the $10 billion total cost overrun, the Energy Department and its National Nuclear Security Administration agreed to transfer roughly $3 billion into weapons work from management accounts and other internal savings. (Work on the facility and its equipment was well along when DOE abruptly realized it would not be large enough to accommodate needed machinery, forcing a costly redesign and lengthy delays.)

Under the Obama proposal, the budget for other DOE work related to nuclear nonproliferation would also be curtailed by about $277 million. These programs have experienced billions of dollars in cost overruns in recent years, forcing the administration to look elsewhere in the DOE budget to find the money it needs to keep them alive.

The half-billion-dollar shift in spending priorities reflects an administration decision that nuclear explosives work the Energy Department performs for the military should be both accelerated and expanded. Tim Scott (R.-S.C.) about whether he supports completing the MOX plant. because our national security depends on it.”

The plant is about 60 percent completed, but one senior administration official called it “managerially and programmatically, a nightmare,” with continuously rising costs.

One, who asked not to be named, said the DOE shortfall had set off “months of wrangling” about the issue, not only within the department but at the highest levels of the administration. But that still left a $4 billion gap between DOE’s nuclear weapons-related promises to the military and its ability to complete that work, forcing a scramble during the department’s budget deliberations to cut from other programs, officials said.

The department also needs more funds than anticipated for improvements to the W76 warhead, which is carried by Trident submarine-based missiles.

Tom Collina, research director for the Arms Control Association, a Washington-based nonprofit group, said “in a way,” it seems inconsistent for the administration to promote arms control while cutting the DOE’s nonproliferation budget. But he said officials may have calculated that they cannot win congressional support for further cuts in nuclear arsenals with Russia without spending billions more to refurbish America’s remaining stockpile of nuclear weapons, under a bargain Obama struck during his first term.

The new weapons-related spending would expand efforts to upgrade the W76, W88, W78, and B-61 warheads, and help fund construction of a new facility in Tennessee for processing uranium, a nuclear explosive used in these and other warheads. A Pentagon spokeswoman, Jennifer D. Its construction would be greatly slowed, while the Defense Department and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration study alternative ways to safeguard tons of the excess plutonium.. In the end, the Pentagon was cajoled into contributing $3 billion more. “These cuts are going to be huge,” and will be particularly problematic amid budget boosts for weapons programs that many lawmakers believe “have been mismanaged for the last five to six years.”

But then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, after hearing from aides that these overruns were due in part to poor management and inaccurate cost accounting at DOE, initially said the department would not provide any new funds to DOE, on top of the $4.5 billion it previously promised to cover earlier overruns, according to two government officials privy to the deliberations.

Specifically, officials said, the Energy Department determined in consultation with the Pentagon that it would likely need $10 billion in new funds to fulfill all of its promises to the military for the production of modernized warheads, over the next decade alone.

Moniz, in his confirmation hearing, tread carefully around the topic of what the department should be spending on nonproliferation. The study determined that the modernization program was underfunded, and steps have been taken to ensure adequate funding for essential modernization needs moving forward.”

The department’s nonproliferation programs, aimed at diminishing the security threat posed by fissile materials in other countries that can be used for nuclear weapons, would be cut by roughly 20 percent, or $460 million, below the current level of $2.45 billion, the officials said.

The Center for Public Integrity has previously reported administration officials had agreed that the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. “If confirmed, I intend to make sure that [DOE laboratories and intelligence experts] … That would include a 16 percent cut in spending on efforts to halt the use of fissile material in civilian nuclear reactors and collect or secure weapons-usable fissile materials in other countries; an 8 percent cut in spending on policy to control the spread of nuclear weapons-related technologies; and a 36 percent cut in efforts to monitor potential illicit commerce in fissile materials.

As recently as December 3, President Obama described the government’s nuclear nonproliferation efforts – including some directed by the Defense Department – as “one of our most important national security programs.” Speaking at the National Defense University, Obama said the effort was “nowhere near done. Sam Nunn, said “the U.S. programs for securing, reducing and eliminating weapons usable nuclear materials are a critical part of our strategy for combating nuclear terrorism and preventing the proliferation of these deadly dangerous materials…A decision to significantly cut these programs, including our near-term ability to dispose of excess plutonium, would be a setback to our ability to reach critical security goals.”

But several officials and other sources familiar with the administration’s budget deliberations this year said the DOE nuclear weapons-related cost overruns and the new austerity climate gripping Washington – including the demand under so-called “sequestration” legislation for $54 billion in national security spending cuts each year until 2021 -had upended the administration’s plans to spend more on nonproliferation.

The Obama administration will propose a deep cut in funding for nuclear nonproliferation programs at the Energy Department largely so it can boost the department’s spending to modernize its stockpile of nuclear weapons, according to government officials familiar with the proposed 2014 federal budget to be unveiled Wednesday, April 10.

Asked for comment, NNSA spokesman Robert Middaugh said he could not respond until the budget has been formally released

CNN – Report: Stolen data gives China advanced nuclear know-how

Christopher Cox (R-California), chairman of the House select committee that conducted the year-long investigation.

Those weapons “may be tested in 1999 and could be deployed as soon as 2002,” the report states.

“It’s not good news,” he said. missile guidance systems through satellite launch deals with American companies.


Chinese Embassy to the U.S.

Office of the Director of Central Intelligence

Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China

China Today

Department of Energy

Department of Justice

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The White House

  • National Security Council

  • Biography of Samuel Berger

Los Alamos National Laboratory

According to investigators, the CIA first learned of the extent of the Chinese espionage in 1995 when a Chinese national approached the agency and turned over a secret Chinese government document.

According to the report, U.S. you can learn a great deal about military matters in the United States,” Cox said.

“There are a number of reasons that intelligence services direct information this way,” Cox said. “The world is a lot less safer today as a consequence of these thefts.”

“What the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has stolen has enabled them to jump over decades of incremental development that were necessary, for example, for the United States,” said Cox.

The report by his committee said “China’s appetite for information and technology appears to be insatiable and the energy devoted to the task enormous.”

The report credits Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for making long-needed security improvements to the nation’s vulnerable nuclear labs, run by the Department of Energy.

“In many cases, a little piece of information might seem innocuous, but if you collect enough of them through the so-called matrix technique … submarine radar technology and illegally obtained secrets about U.S. According to the Cox report, China penetrated U.S. EDT (0242 GMT)


“It means that in addition to paying for our own defense, we are actually paying to arm a potential adversary,” Cox said.. “Ballistic and space launch programs have long been intertwined.”

The sharpest criticism for the theft of U.S.

“… intelligence has determined the technology espionage by the Chinese, dating back to the late 1970s and continuing through the 1980s and ’90s, “has leaped, in a handful of years, from 1950s-era strategic nuclear capabilities to the more modern thermonuclear weapon design.”

Details of the Cox report have been trickling out for weeks amid a growing criticism of the Clinton administration’s response to fix the security lapse after it was exposed in 1995.

WASHINGTON (CNN) — China could begin production of advanced thermonuclear weapons based on stolen U.S. and Hughes Electronics allegedly gave China unauthorized design information. insatiable’

But following the failures of some of those launches, U.S. nuclear arsenal — including those for the MX Peacekeeper and Minuteman III missiles.

Also among the purloined blueprints for weapons of mass destruction: the W-88 warhead, described as “the most sophisticated nuclear weapon the United States has ever built.”

Bob Franken and Pierre Thomas contributed to this report.

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“Some of the most significant thefts have occurred during the last four years,” Cox said.

“It does make one wonder how it is, how others who possessed this information could so readily have dismissed it, or not acted upon it,” Cox said.

“It means that we’re going to be preparing ourselves to defend against American technology used against us,” said Rep. design information during the next decade, according to a congressional report on Chinese nuclear espionage that will be released officially Tuesday.

Chinese knowledge increased by decades

The report concludes: Chinese “penetration of our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today.”

‘It’s not good news’

The CIA later determined that the person who turned over the document worked for Chinese intelligence.

The House investigative committee was formed in the wake of accusations that campaign contributions might have influenced the Clinton administration to give favorable trade treatment to U.S. Such information would likely find its way into the PRC’s ballistic missile program,” the congressional report said. nuclear labs, stealing secrets about the U.S. companies seeking waivers to launch satellites on Chinese rockets.

‘China’s appetite … satellite manufacturers Loral Corp. nuclear secrets is directed toward the Clinton administration and how slowly it reacted when word of the espionage surfaced.

In March, Richardson fired a longtime scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Wen Ho Lee, because of security violations as well as suspicions of espionage.


Shelby: Reno should resign over China espionage probe

May 23, 1999

Report: China benefited from stolen nuclear secrets

May 20, 1999

Congressman calls alleged Chinese spying ‘grave’

May 16, 1999

Sources: Report finds China stole ‘sensitive’ nuclear data

May 14, 1999

Reno defends computer-search caution in Los Alamos case

May 13, 1999

Senate spotlights nuclear security lapses

May 12, 1999

U.S. neutron bomb and every warhead in the U.S. “To advertise in some cases something about their strength that they want you to know; in other cases, to promote disinformation.”

All of the weapons could target the United States.

External sites are not endorsed by CNN Interactive.

The report also reveals allegations that China stole design information about U.S. State Department issues travel warning for China

May 10, 1999

Cox also has accused China of obtaining information through the use of “front companies” in the United States — a method he said is “far broader than previously realized.”

May 24, 1999

Web posted at: 10:42 p.m

Quality of warhead triggers questioned

“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.

Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.

Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. Such approval means they are ready to use.

At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.

A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.

Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.

The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.

Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.

The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.

In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.

Because the United States no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.

The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.

Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs

Workhorse Group Inc (WKHS.PK) Company Profile

The W22 chassis is designed to meet the needs of the recreational vehicle market for weight ratings up to 26,000 GVW. AMP E-100, an all-electric, medium-duty truck, is the second generation electric power-train. E-GEN is an electric drive that has a gasoline/propane or Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) engine that functions as an auxiliary generator that runs when the battery reaches a certain level of depletion, the vehicle is in PARK and the key is out. The W42 chassis is designed for the 12,000 to 14,500 Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) vehicle market. The Company’s products include trucks comprising powertrain and chassis.

Workhorse Group Inc., formerly AMP Holding Inc., incorporated on November 13, 2007, is a development-stage company. It includes a single electric motor with no transmission and Lithium Ion batteries giving it a range of up to 100 miles.

The Company competes with Ford Motor Company, Freightliner, Electric Vehicles International and Smith Electric Vehicles.

The Company’s chassis include W88, W22, W42 and W62. The W62 chassis is designed for the 19,500 to 23,500 GVW vehicle market. Powertrain includes E-GEN and AMP E-100. The Company designs, develops, manufactures and sells medium-duty trucks with powertrain components under the Workhorse chassis brand. The Company’s HorseFly Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is designed for the package delivery market as well as other commercial applications.. The W88 chassis is designed to meet the needs of a range of customers

The cost of military domination

The public is told there is no choice because “there is no money” for such programs. In the first three days of the 2011 assault on Libya, at least 161 such missiles were fired; in present-day prices that would cost $338 million, the same cost as the 2,800-foot long six-lane Stan Musial Veteran’s Memorial Bridge across the Mississippi River that recently opened.

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The US military, across all its branches, has 13,900 planes. Five E2-D Hawkeye command and control aircraft are requested for fiscal year 2016 at a cost of $263 million each. The 14 current Ohio-class submarines in the Navy’s fleet each contain up to 24 nuclear-armed Trident II ballistic missiles. For 2016, the President has proposed a total spending amount of $613 billion that would put Pentagon spending higher than any point during the presidency of Ronald Reagan.

When planes, bombs, missiles, crew, fuel, and supplies are added, the cost becomes unimaginably high. In the 2016 procurement budget, over twelve separate drone, plane, and helicopter programs each have budgets of $1-3 billion dollars. In the FY2016 proposal, another $22 billion would go towards the construction of submarines, destroyers, littoral combat ships, and a fuel tanker. In September, when the US began bombing ISIS in Iraq and Syria, the stocks of four of the five largest weapons makers–Lockheed Martin, Northrup Grumman, General Dynamics and Raytheon–soared to all time highs.

The deficit of the City of Detroit, which was the nominal cause for the city’s bankruptcy and the gutting of city workers’ pensions, was $327 million in 2013–less than the cost of one Navy F-35C. Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies is simply titled “The Trillion Dollar Nuclear Triad,” pointing to its estimate that $1 trillion will be spent on nuclear systems by the US in the next 30 years. Tomahawk cruise missiles, the notorious weapon of choice for the “shock and awe” bombardment of Iraq in 2003, now cost $2.1 million each. Dozens of other planes require tens or hundreds of millions annually.



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The officially budgeted military spending of the United States in 2014 was $610 billion, nearly 35 percent of global military spending and greater than the combined spending of China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, France, the UK, India and Germany.

The terrifying destructive potential of the US military, whether conventional or nuclear weapons, is a very profitable business. A January 2014 report from the James R. Northrup Grumman made the B-2 and is in fierce competition for the lucrative LRS-B contract.

Compared to other militaries worldwide, the US operates more planes in every type of category (combat, transport, helicopter, training, etc.) than any other nation. Adding the 2014 and 2015 budgets, nearly $4 billion has been spent for just 15 of these aircraft.

This vast fleet of aircraft includes some of the most expensive weapons ever created, and current weapons programs that will cost even more. Each missile has a range of over 5,000 nautical miles and upon reentry into the earth’s atmosphere can release eight W88 “multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles.” Each W88 can travel to a separate target and yield a blast more powerful than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Real annual military spending by the United States is even higher, once nuclear weapons funding, interest payments on foreign wars, and the cost of veteran care is included. At current rates, military and intelligence spending between 2015-2020 will exceed $4 trillion.


Jeff Lusanne

8 May 2015

Between 2000 and 2006, the US Department of Defense budget rose from $300 billion to over $530 billion, and it continues at those levels, despite the sequester federal budget cuts. With these items, the annual amount is closer to $1 trillion.

Within the president’s proposed Pentagon budget for fiscal year 2016 there is a proposed 12 percent increase in procurement and RDTE spending to $177 billion, and much of it goes towards big-budget weapons programs designed to maintain total global military dominance.


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Aircraft carriers are just one aspect of several multi-billion-dollar ship programs. Each aircraft would carry millions of dollars worth of bombs and missiles. The category of Military Personnel received $142.9 billion, while procurement–new equipment–received $99.5 billion. Replacing every single locomotive of Amtrak would cost less than operating one aircraft carrier for one year.

Every passing year in America brings news of cutbacks to essential social programs, from food stamps and home heating assistance to research and infrastructure. The city has announced plans to shut off water service to more than 20,000 households to collect a debt that amounts to about one-eighth the cost of one such aircraft.

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Yet the F-35 is just one of many programs with equally staggering costs. What is never questioned in the political establishment is how a country with crumbling bridges and mass poverty can afford to spend hundreds of billions of dollars each year on the military.


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A largely hidden, yet massive, military cost is the operation, maintenance and replacement of the so-called “Nuclear Triad.” This is the system of nuclear warheads ready for deployment on long range bombers, submarines, and land-based installations, and each of the three elements are up for replacement during the 2020s.


The White House is requesting $1.7 billion in 2016 for research and development on what is likely the next aircraft boondoggle, the Long Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B.) This new, undisclosed “high tech, long range” bomber will replace the B-52, which has rained down death across the world for over 60 years; the B-1; and the B-2, the most expensive aircraft in history at $2 billion per plane. The carrier can hold up to 90 aircraft, but even just 40 F-35Cs would represent $13.4 billion dollars, more than the already gargantuan cost of the carrier itself. Already in 2015, research on these replacements is consuming billions per year, before designs have even been finalized and contracts secured. Russia, China and France each field just one. The F-22 Raptor, the military’s latest air superiority fighter, is consuming upwards of $500 million per year just for upgrades and modifications. The US Navy is constructing replacements of their fleet; the first Gerald R. The total cost of all the items on the ship is therefore only comparable to entire federal budget items like science, which has a proposed budget of $31 billion for 2016.


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In 2001, the per-plane estimated cost was $81 million, and the costs continue to rise as the plane is now seven years past its anticipated service date. Given the provocative nature of the US’s activity in Ukraine, Eastern Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region, the possibility of any escalation is an absolutely harrowing prospect.

Yet nothing costs more money than an aircraft carrier, and the Navy has 10 of them in operation. In 2016, the White House is requesting $11 billion in funding for another year of research, development, and procurement. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, only has a total of 355 locomotives to haul passengers across the entire country, nearly all of which are over 20 years old and in need of rebuilding or replacement. Including all of these costs, each of the 57 planes requested will cost $193 million.

Between the branches of the armed forces, 2014 funding was relatively equal: the Army received $167.4 billion, the Navy (including the Marines), $162.1 billion and the Air Force, $144.3 billion. The most recent cost estimate of the notoriously failure-prone F-35 fighter-bomber is $400 billion for procurement of 2,400 planes, while the lifetime operational cost will be $1 trillion.


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The destructive power of these nuclear forces is almost incomprehensible and greater than anything the world has ever known. Research, Development, Test Engineering (RDTE) received $62 billion, while construction and other assorted items took up the rest of the budget.


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‘. Despite this, the overall military budget has not mirrored the drop as more money has been plowed into the incredibly expensive, high-tech weapons systems of the Navy and Air Force.

Thus, each Ohio class submarine carries nearly 200 nuclear warheads that can simultaneously attack every major city of an entire region of the world–from just one submarine. Ford-class carrier was launched in 2015 and cost $12.8 billion.

The largest portion of the defense budget goes towards operations and maintenance of the military’s vast inventory of weapons and equipment. The Ford-class carrier is meant to feature the F-35C, which is the most expensive variant of the plane, at an estimated $337 million each. It is over 22 times the amount proposed in the discretionary budget for transportation, $27.4 billion, even as the American Society of Civil Engineers rates the state of US infrastructure as a “D,” requiring trillions of dollars in repairs. This includes a whopping 78 percent share of the global aerial refueling tanker fleet, the means by which combat aircraft can extend their flight range, allowing the US to more easily bomb anywhere in the world.

Operating a carrier strike group has an estimated daily cost of $6.5 million, which is the cost of a new high-speed passenger rail locomotive. The entire commercial aircraft fleet in America–including all the major airlines and freight carriers like FedEx and UPS–is less than half that amount, at 6,788 aircraft.

The proposed $613 billion in funding is more than eight times larger than the federal education budget. It also notes that Congress has no accurate measure of the actual current spending on nuclear programs.

The purchase cost of military systems is really just a fraction of their ultimate cost. The B-2 has an ongoing annual cost of $300-$400 million for the last five years. The Army’s costs have the largest connection to personnel, operations, and construction, and as US troop levels have been drawn down in Iraq and Afghanistan the Army’s share of funding has dropped significantly

About 120 guns found at scene of deadly Texas gang fight

Waco Police Sergeant Patrick Swanton told cable channel CNN: “These were vicious gang members that were in our city Sunday.”

View galleryA police officer inspects a motorcycle before it is…A police officer inspects a motorcycle before it is towed away from the Twin Peaks restaurant, where …

The two main adversaries were motorcycle gangs the Bandidos, seen as the long-standing dominant gang in Texas and called a criminal organization by the U.S.

Police have taken into custody 170 people, who are being held on bail of $1 million each on charges of involvement in organized crime relating to capital murder.

(Additional reporting by Brendan O’Brien in Milwaukee and Lisa Maria Garza in Dallas; Editing by Bill Trott, Peter Cooney and Eric Beech)

motorcycle gangs

The Central Texas Marketplace Shopping Center, with about 50 stores and restaurants located along a major highway, reopened on Wednesday after being shut following the brawl, police said.

Those weapons included firearms, knives, clubs, brass knuckles and chains with padlocks attached to them, Waco Police said in a Facebook post.. Justice Department, and the Cossacks, which have been challenging them for power in the state, according to experts on the gangs.

A spokesman earlier in the day said about 1,000 weapons had been recovered, but police in a later statement said that number was overestimated and the actual figure was about 320.

It said the footage had been handed to law enforcement.

About 120 guns found at scene of deadly Texas gang fight – Yahoo News

In a statement, the Twin Peaks Waco franchisee said on Wednesday the restaurant’s security camera footage from that day showed people sought safety inside the business and that no violence started inside the restaurant.

By Jon Herskovitz

The Cossacks have canceled a rally planned for this weekend in a rural area west of Fort Worth after the local sheriff asked them to call it off given what happened in Waco, the sheriff said.

“Tensions are still running high between those two bike gangs,” Palo Pinto Sheriff Ira Mercer said, adding it was the prudent thing to do.

The nine killed ranged in age from 27 to 65 and a preliminary autopsy report indicated they all died from gunshot wounds, according to records made available by the McLennan County Justice of the Peace.

AUSTIN, Texas (Reuters) – About 120 guns and 160 knives were recovered from the scene of a deadly Sunday battle between rival motorcycle gangs in the Texas city of Waco that left nine people dead, police said on Wednesday as they sharply dropped their tally of weapons found.

Gang members hid weapons in sacks of flour and bags of chips at the Twin Peaks restaurant, where they attacked each other in a fight that was likely set off by a smoldering turf battle, Waco Police said

Sao em nỡ danh tam lang quen bao ngay vui vẻ tren face cung anh?

C??c ??t t?i thi?u là 20.000 vn?

Gi?i ??u ???c mong ch? s?p di?n ra – EURO 2012

Euro 2012 n?i quy nh?ng ngôi sao sang giá nh?t châu Âu

B?n hãy t?o cho mình 1 tài kho?n FUN88 ?? tham gia cá ?? t?i gi?i ??u này. Cá ?? bóng ?á t?i EURO 2012 v?i FUN88

http://www.fun88.com/Default.aspx?affili… t? l? ?n r?t cao

L?i ích khi ch?i t?i FUN88:

-N?p ti?n và rút ti?n c?c nhanh.

-Tính ti?n c??c ngay sau 45 phút hi?p 1 ( n?u b?n c??c theo t? l? hi?p 1 ). Rút ti?n trong 1 ngày làm vi?c hành chính.

- FUN88 có ??i ng? h? tr? khách hàng chu ?áo b?ng ti?ng Vi?t.

- C??c h?n h?p chéo ( c??c xâu ) trong 7 ngày.

T?i Euro 2012 b?n có th? c??c v?i nhi?u t? l? c??c h?p d?n, tài x?u, t? s? , th? ??, th? vàng, ph?t góc, ném biên, c??c xâu, c??c t? s?…

- Lo?i hình ??t c??c phong phú, ??t c??c t?i phút cu?i cùng c?a tr?n ??u ( ??t c??c t? phút ??u tiên ??n phút bù gi? su?t tr?n ??u ), c??c tài x?u m?i 15 phút trong tr?n ( t? 1–15 phút ; 15–30 phút ; 30–45 phút ; 45–60 …), c??c xâu, c??c t? s?, ph?t góc, ném biên, c??c th? ??, th? vàng…

-T?i Vi?t Nam thì ph??ng th?c g?i ti?n ch? y?u và thu?n l?i nh?t là hình th?c Quick Tranfer ( chuy?n ti?n qua ngân hàng ??a ph??ng ) v?i m?t h? th?ng tài kho?n ngân hàng trung gian t?i các ngân hàng l?n nh?: Vietcombank, Á Châu bank, …) cho nên vi?c m? m?t tài kho?n cá c??c tr?c tuy?n ?? gi?i trí hàng ngày r?t d? dàng, thu?n ti?n và không c?n ph?i t?n th?t nhi?u ti?n

( t?i thi?u 200.000 vn?)

N?p ti?n t?i ?a 200.000.000 vn?

- Th? t?c ??ng ký ??n gi?n.

Và còn nhi?u ?u ?i?m khác ….


??c bi?t FUN88 còn h? tr? nhi?u hình th?c g?i ti?n và rút ti?n, giúp cho khách hàng c?a t?ng qu?c gia có ?i?u ki?n thu?n l?i nh?t cho vi?c m? tài kho?n: Paysweb, Western Union, Moneybookers, Credit Card, Quick tranfer….

N?p ti?n ch? 30 phút là có ti?n trong tài kho?n.

- N?i dung c?c kì phong phú: không ch? có cá ?? trong bóng ?á, b?n còn ???c d?p th?a s?c v?i hàng tr?m s? ki?n di?n ra hàng ngày c?a các môn th? thao yêu thích khác nh?: Bóng chuy?n (Volleyball), Tennis, bóng r? (Basketball), Bóng b?u d?c (Rugby), Golf, ?ua ng?a (Horse racing), ?ua xe công th?c 1 (Formula 1), ?ua mô tô (Moto GP), Bóng chày (Baseball), Khúc côn c?u trên b?ng (Ice hockey),v.v..

N?p ti?n t?i thi?u ch? 200.000 vn? là b?n ?ã có th? ??t c??c

Ace Of Spades Tattoos And Meanings-Ace Of Spades Tattoo Designs, Ideas, And Pictures

The joker, black rose, or black heart may also be considered. This will give you a few dozen ace of spades tattoo designs to browse through. These are all common symbols in gambling themed tattoo designs. These ace of spades tattoo designs can be designed in many ways. Some ace of spades tattoo designs may portray a spade in the center of the card or a skull. Other card combinations are also common with the ace of spades.

Since the ace of spades is a common gambling tattoo, it is often depicted with other gambling symbols and elements. The ace of spades are also commonly designed with other playing cards, such as a royal flush. The ace of spades can be designed alone or portrayed with several symbols and elements. Make sure that you take the time to view all the different ace of spades tattoo designs in this article. You may want to consider the spade symbol with flames or have a ace of spades card with flaming skulls. Most commonly, the ace of spades tattoo portrays the ace of spades playing card. It will give you a general idea what to expect when you begin searching for your tattoo design of the ace of spades. As you can see, there’s a variety of different symbols that can go with your ace of spades tattoo design. Ace of spades tattoo designs could include dice, triple sevens, eight ball, dice, poker chips, cards, money, coins, gold, silver, or cherries. Plus, you can pick up tips and ideas for your own tattoo. This card can also be designed in many ways. The ace of spades may also be portrayed with symbols of good luck as well, such as the four leaf clover, horseshoes, or swallows.

. This tattoo would include the K, Q, J, and 10 of spades. You may wish to have a spade design done in tribal art, Celtic art, or some other design.

Ace of spades tattoo designs can be designed in a variety of different ways. Remember, use your imagination, get creative.

Since the ace of spades is also associated to death, it’s not uncommon for it to be designed with fire, flames, and skulls. Due to this, there’s a variety of different ace of spades tattoo variations

What are your best frugal living tips? (Weekly Topic Inspiration)

Everything homemade tastes better, so therefore, i believe, your needs are more satisfied.

Re-vamp old items into ‘new’ furniture, clothes, curtains, cushions. Make a hobby of it.

Swap unused items with friends, neighbors etc. Make a philosophy of it.

. for things you want. Make it a festive occasion.

Live on less. I agree with the hubber who says – write down every single penny spent. By not going to the store for these items you will make better use of your time, energy and ingredients.

Bake your own items – bread, cakes, pies etc. That way you can ‘track’ your money.

Grow your own veg, fruit, keep hens, ducks, poultry – even in a small space. Make a ‘hobby’ of it.

Look for the discounted items.

Ask for discount.

Look for the ‘free’ items. Get ideas from magazines, online.

Discard the credit card – use a debit card, if needed. you will feel the ‘pain’ of the immediacy of that money spent.

Buy as many items ‘on sale’ or ‘reduced’ as possible

Macau’s economy slumps 17% after anti-corruption drive

More than 80% of government revenue comes directly from the casinos.

Baccarat is the prime attraction in Macau, where the game accounts for the vast majority of tables.

But more could be done, especially as other regional gambling destinations take aim at Macau.

Macau, like Hong Kong, is a Special Administrative Region of China.

Despite continued warnings, the territory has failed to diversify its economy beyond gambling, leaving it heavily exposed to the risk of an industry downturn.

In an effort to diversify, Macau is working to boost its entertainment and leisure options, which lag far behind the glitz, glam and family fun offered in Vegas.

In addition to China’s anti-corruption drive, visas are in short supply, and some gamblers are upset by a new ban on smoking in Macau’s casinos. Since 2002, its casino industry has grown into a $45 billion heavyweight, roughly seven times bigger than Las Vegas. When the industry booms and tax revenue jumps, residents — most of whom are employed in the business — receive payouts from the government.

Analysts at Fitch Ratings said they expect revenue growth to resume in the second half of the year — and insist that Macau is still a good bet. Casinos in Cambodia, Vietnam and the Philippines are all working hard to attract Chinese gamblers.

But now gamblers are staying home.

“While the recent operating declines are concerning we are encouraged by the fact that the long-term fundamentals for the higher-margin, lower-volatility mass business remain intact,” the ratings agency said.

Gross domestic product for the year was also negative, declining by 0.4% as Beijing’s anti-corruption campaign scared visitors away from the gambling mecca.

Related: Macau’s gambling industry dwarfs Vegas

Related: Las Vegas casinos are losing big in China

CNNMoney (Hong Kong) March 16, 2015: 1:13 PM ET


Some developers have taken note, and are planning new malls and theaters. The idea is to offer guests a more complete resort experience. It is also the only place in China where gambling is legal. The average minimum bet at non-VIP tables is around $250 — far beyond the reach of casual gamblers.

Last June, revenue growth at the casinos turned negative, sparking worries that the territory’s gold rush was coming to an end