Everything you need to know about the Cricket World Cup 2011

You should know: Kolkata is home to the

largest Indian cricket stadium, Eden Gardens, and some notoriously fervid Indian cricket fans. India vs. A World

Cup final in Mumbai, the cradle of Indian cricket.

You should know: Locals say you should watch the match

with 500 plus fans on giant screens at the DLF promenade. Don’t look

directly into those crazy fan eyes.

Read more on “Mumbai’s maidans: Former birthplaces of India’s cricket gods” on CNNGo.

If you’re travelling within India, book a

domestic flight on Cleartrip.com and get the base fare free off your next

domestic ticket (redeemable only on SpiceJet). It’s a weekend match between two of the most aggressively offensive sides in world cricket today.  

Best matches to attend 

Note: India is issuing six-month multiple-entry visas, but a new rule means once you leave the country, you have to wait two months before returning, so no hopping in and out on a whim. 

Also offering similar packages is Tui (+91 (0) 22 33005555, www.tui.in) which is pricier than the former.

“The History of World Cup Cricket” by James Alter, Roli Books, Rs 495.CNNGo scored some excerpts prior to the release of “The History of World Cup Cricket” by James Alter, just so you

can show off. England in Bangalore (the

game was moved from Eden Gardens

to Bangalore because the legendary Kolkata stadium was not prepared in time for this match.

India is about to be hit by a work productivity loss of 768 million man hours.

Nocturne, 31, Shakespeare Sarani,

HSBC Building, Elgin; +91 9831252442, +91 (0) 33 22903648

Bangalore: A 10-minute walk from M.

Travel deals 


agents say accommodation in smaller cities like Mohali and Nagpur is filling up

fast, so if you have a ticket, figure out hotel arrangements quickly. 

Here’s how to be a part of this heady two-month South Asian sports party.

The big ticket

If you haven’t got your World Cup

tickets yet, you need to pick up the pace. The

reassuring bit is that the website has constant updates and email support for

different crisis situations (but no way to track couriers) and getting in touch with the constantly

congested helpline is a pain.

Kolkata: Hookah, flavored shots, and a long,

long bar at new club Nocturne that stays open later than most, until 3 a.m. And if India is playing Pakistan (the only opportunity for the two teams to meet), it will be madness. India in Mirpur (the

opening game), February 19.


should know: Stroll through Shivaji Park for a glimpse into the

birthplace of future pro Indian cricketers. The

base package for the final match at Cutting Edge Events starts at Rs 27,800, while the one at Tui is Rs 42,000. FYI: Bookmakers hold India clear favorites to win this World Cup as they believe

this is the best Indian side ever, and are too difficult a team to beat at home.

A young Australian cricket fan.The most fun

games to attend are the ones involving the hosts because that’s when the

stadiums will be brimming with fans. Many greats including Sachin Tendulkar have been

nurtured on this ground. 

If your World Cup watching involves travel, Cutting Edge Events (+91 9820027663/ +91 9819549724, www.cuttingedgeevents.info) is your best bet. Sri Lanka in Colombo, February 26. And so it goes …


Myntra and Nike team up to bring you customized jerseys that you can order online, preview your personalized details and have delivered to your doorstep, for Rs 895.

Place your bets: Bookies say India


Cricket Council chief Haroon Lorgat has suggested legalizing sports betting in

India in order to curb corruption in the game of cricket. Pakistan vs. at 10 Downing

Street (a 15-minute drive from the Chepauk stadium), where an afternoon deal of

Rs 250 will get you beer, the chef’s special and dessert. Two things: An alcohol-free,

vegetarian Indian state.

You should know: A 2010 DNA story reveals that the tech hub of

India and a big student town is increasingly resorting to hypnosis to deal with stress. The reason? Cricket. 

Prepare to pay about 12 percent of the ticket fare in service, bank charges and taxes.

Kyazoonga writes a big “Woo hoo!” when your booking is confirmed.

Nice touch. And Bal

Thackeray’s head might explode.

1987: Courtney Walsh’s

decision not to run out the last Pakistani batsman Salim Jaffer, who had completely backed out of his crease at the non-strikers end, potentially cost West Indies the World Cup that year.

If all else fails, every Mumbaikar

knows someone who knows someone who can score tickets. Australia vs. For free!

There have however, been some

complaints about overseas fans not having received their tickets yet. Pakistan in Colombo, March 19. Enough said. West Indies in Chennai, March

20. Pakistan was supposed to hold 14 matches, including one semi-final but were stripped of their World Cup hosting rights in the wake of the 2009 attack on the Sri Lankan national cricket team in Lahore.  . Sri Lanka in Colombo, March 5. Final in Mumbai, April 2. Pakistan might be India’s most hated rival, but it never hurts to stick it

to India’s former colonial overlords.

At least 10-12 million peoples’ attention is going to shift to the ICC Cricket World Cup co-hosted by India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka from February

19 to April 2, according to a survey from the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India.

1996: Ricky Ponting became

the youngest World Cup centurion (21 years and 76 days) against West Indies at


1983: In 1983, a fielding

circle was introduced, 30 yards away from the stumps.


Rest House Road, Brigade Road; +91 (0) 80 25587336, +91 9844096185 

3. Four fieldsmen needed to

be inside it.


These guys aren’t allowed to sell

tickets minus a package, so a way around that for Mumbaikars is to get the

transfer package that comes with a match pass, and stadium transfer. Prior to this, teams had dressed in white and used

red balls.

Here’s where to fill your soul with beer at the best

host cities this World Cup. Bangladesh knocked India out of the World Cup in 2007, and the Indians have still not gotten over it.

Online travel booking engine Yatra.com is running a similar deal with a free ticket redeemable on highly recommended budget airline IndiGo. This is the last game in Group B and there is a chance one of the two sides will need to win it to guarantee a place in the quarterfinals.


City to avoid: Ahmedabad.

Trivia source: A new book on the history of world cup cricket  

6. #FAIL), February 27. This will cost

you more than face value, but that’s the price you pay for being a slow coach. Why? Most

importantly, they have a ton of ticket packages available NOW, and tie ups with

hotels that may appear to be out of rooms when you try booking online. Book before March 25 and use before April 15. Hint: find a member of

the Garware Club — they get one to two tickets based on a computerized lottery

system — and start sucking up now.

Howzzat sports barHowzzat sports bar in Gurgaon.New Delhi: What could be more perfect than Howzzat,


cricket-themed bar that brews its own beer and has ginormous TV

screens? Alternatively, cozy Red Monkey Bar has all-day happy hours on

Mondays and Tuesdays, discounts on beer and sangria and stadium-like,

true live sound system.

4.  Australia

vs. Silly points? Not. 

You should know: Hit one of the many casinos

in Colombo, especially if you’re heading to India next, where gambling is

illegal. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Guzzlers Inn is a

convenient pre and post match watering hole. India vs.

Bar hopping in the best host cities


Club Cafe, 34, Queens Road; +94 (0) 11 2501384, thecricketclubcafeceylon.com 

Sports Bar

Express, ground floor, Regal Cinema Building, Shahid Bhagat Singh Road, Colaba,

+91 (0) 22 66396682; Geoffrey’s, Marine Plaza, 29 Marine Drive; +91 (0) 22 22851212

You should know: Respected cricketed website Cricinfo.com calls Chennai spectators “the most knowledgeable cricket fans in the

country” so don’t go challenging them to a game of World Cup trivia at the pub.


Kences Inn Boutique Hotel, North Boag Road, T.Nagar; +91 (0) 44 28152152,


If you don’t find good seats online,

which is a possibility at this point, officially appointed travel agents (see travel deals below) are your best bet. Bangladesh vs. Australia trumped them in the 2007 final.

Vodafone Essar bags exclusive rights for the live streaming of the ESPN-Star Sports coverage of the 2011 World Cup.Listen to cool World Cup podcasts

featuring quick bites from players; play the new Fantasy Cricket League online by Zapak; Vodafone subscribers can watch live streaming of the match coverage; Google users are invited to mark all important points around match venues using Google Map Maker.

Jersey shore: Personalized Team India jersey

How about a blue Team India jersey with your name and favorite number on it?


Chennai: Start drinking at noon considering all bars shut at 11 p.m.

1979: Viv Richards is the only person

to have played World Cup football and World Cup cricket, having represented

Antigua in qualifying matches for the 1974 finals.

CrickeTech: Podcasts, online gaming and live mobile streaming   

Colombo: Sir Donald Bradman’s

memorabilia and lots of beer at Cricket Club Cafe, a bar housed in a pretty bungalow.

Book fast-disappearing tickets on Kyazoonga.com, the official ticket hub online and be weary of fakers on the

web. Sri Lanka beat Australia in the 1996 final. Book before March 20 and use before

April 11.

Mumbai: Special world cup offers and big TV screens at Sports Bar Express and Geoffrey’s. You won’t want to miss it for the world.


Galaxy Hotel, NH-8, Sector 15, Part II, Gurgaon; +91 (0) 24 4565000; Red

Monkey, 47

Defence Colony Market;

+91 9910808653.

1992: White balls and colored kits

were not used until 1992. Should you get into a pub brawl with

a Bengali bloke, respectfully call him dada

for instant calming effect

GLOBAL MARKETS-Asian shares rise as weak China data spurs stimulus bets | Reuters

There it ran into profit taking and

was hovering around $1.1194 in Asia on Monday.

* Weak China factory activity reinforces views of more


Trading was thinned by the absence of Japanese markets,

which are on holiday from Monday to Wednesday.

“We think the risks are skewed heavily to the upside and

expect higher yields over the course of the year against a more

positive economic backdrop in the US and Europe.”

HONG KONG, May 4 (Reuters) – Asian stocks bounced off lows

on Monday and the Australian dollar pared early losses as weak

China factory activity reinforced views that Beijing will roll

out fresh support measures soon for the world’s second-largest



Investors were cautious ahead of a number of events this

week, including the UK election on Thursday. non-farm payrolls due to be released on Friday could

signal whether the world’s largest economy is faring any better

in the second quarter after growth nearly stalled early in the


In commodity markets, oil prices had eased off 2015 highs

after Iraq said its crude exports hit a record in April, keeping

Middle East production well above demand.

The weak China data follows a string of disappointing

economic news in recent weeks which has forced Beijing to roll

out a variety of stimulus measures this year including boosts

for bank lending and lower downpayments for property buyers.

The bounce in China’s markets pulled the MSCI’s broadest

index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan up

0.2 percent. markets are closed on Monday.

Brent crude was quoted firmer at $66.43 a barrel,

while U.S. crude eased 3 cents to $59.12. It has

fallen more than 5 percent since April 13 as investors took


“Valuations are still attractive and this is a

liquidity-fuelled rally so any broad pullbacks are going to be

viewed as a buying opportunity by investors,” said Grace Tam, a

markets strategist at JP Morgan Asset Management in Hong Kong.


In the United States, a recent bounce in commodity prices

and caution ahead of the U.S. jobs report has prompted some

investors to reduce their holdings, sending 10-year Treasury

yields to a seven-week high of 2.12 percent.

Higher eurozone yields have enhanced the appeal of the

single currency, with the euro hitting a nine-week high of

$1.1289 on Friday. Australian stocks were slightly higher and

South Korea’s main index managed to inch up 0.4 percent.

(Additional reporting by Wayne Cole in SYDNEY; Editing by Kim


* European shares set to open higher, Greece eyed

“The PMI indicates that more stimulus measures may be

required to ensure the economy doesn’t slow from the 7 percent

annual growth rate seen in Q1,” said Annabel Fiddes, an

economist at Markit.

The HSBC/Markit Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) showed

factory activity in China contracted at its fastest rate in a

year in April as demand faltered and deflationary pressures


Shares in Shanghai fell after the PMI survey but

quickly erased losses and were up 0.5 percent as investors bet

on more policy easing. U.K.

Similar factory surveys on Friday showed weak activity in

Japan and South Korea as well, adding urgency to calls for more

state stimulus in all three economies which could offer more

fuel for rallying stock markets.

U.S. China trade data is due out on Friday.

Spreadbetters expected the equity markets to open firmer in

Europe, forecasting Germany’s DAX and France’s CAC

to open 0.16 to 0.36 percent higher though any big gains

will be capped as investors keep an eye on the progress of

negotiations between Greece and its lenders.

The Australian dollar remained on the defensive at

$0.7829 amid speculation the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA)

will cut interest rates to a fresh record low of 2.0 percent at

a policy meeting on Tuesday.

By Saikat Chatterjee

“We think bond markets are already priced for very gloomy

medium-term economic scenarios of low growth and little

inflation pressure for years – almost ‘as good as it gets’ for

bond markets,” said Peter Schaffrik, chief European macro

strategist at RBC Capital Markets.

In the eurozone, tentative signs of an economic pick up in

the region have sent German 10-year Bund yields up

nearly 21 basis points for the week, the biggest such move since

June 2013.

Investors will also be watching bond markets closely after a

sharp and sudden rise in developed market yields last week, led

by the eurozone, which suggested the long bull run in bonds

might finally have run out of steam.

* Shanghai shares bounce, Aussie dollar stabilises. The latest polls

show neither of the major parties is likely to win a clear

majority of seats. * Bond investors wary after last week’s spike in yields

On Wall Street, the Dow had ended on Friday up 1.03

percent, while the SP 500 gained 1.09 percent and the

Nasdaq 1.29 percent.

The Australian dollar, often used as a proxy for China risk,

fell 20 ticks before recovering to trade at 0.7825.

UBS strategists expect the government to speed up

infrastructure investment with the help of policy banks and cut

benchmark interest rates again in the next couple of months.

The greenback held above two-month lows against a

trade-weighted basket of currencies at 95.24

Mountain Bike Parts and Accessories

There are over 1,700 dealers across North America, Europe, Asia and distributors in 90 countries around the world. Consider this a complete buyer’s guide as you will discover just about everything you need to know about this subject.

It doesn’t even matter if you’re into MTB, just about everyone has heard of this major manufacturer. Vintage Mountain Bike Parts for Sale

Another website worth giving a look is Amazon.com. This place is specifically designed to be an online outlet store for replacement and aftermarket MTB components and constantly have closeout and clearance prices on anything you can think of. Over the decades they have introduced a number of full suspension (soft tail) and hard tail models such as the Gemini, Prophet, Scalpel, Rush, Judge, Perp, Chase, 29er Caffeine and the Taurine.

JensonUSA.com – At JensonUSA.com you can be sure you are getting a great deal on all of their cheap mountain bike parts for sale. They have clearance and closeout prices on brands such as Giro, Santa Cruz and Fox. You’ll want to make sure you shop at reputable stores and sites otherwise it’s possible to get ripped off and not even realize it until after you’ve already put the components on your MTB.

I suggest visiting Mombat.org as they have one of the best selections available. The only problem is finding mountain bike parts for the brand that you happen to own. You may also be able to locate a couple of websites that have a small selection to choose from. Of course, it probably didn’t hurt when they merged with Pacific Cycle in 2001. There are a few random websites here and there that have a small selection of Mongoose mountain bike parts for sale but eBay is probably your best bet when you shop online. This site is extremely legit and they have tons of vintage mountain bike parts and accessories including forks, cranks, derailleurs, shifters, freewheels and cassettes, grips, pedals, tires, seats, hubs, rims, frames, brakes and brake levers, headsets, tires and wheels. There are a lot of resources online that can help you figure out which products are rip-offs and which ones are legitimate, so take advantage.

Those who are on a budget will especially enjoy this section. If you get on eBay or Craigslist, you might even consider selling your own MTB components and making a little money yourself.

HucknRoll.com – Here is a website that has over 10,000 items in stock up to 50% off on things like clothing and apparel, helmets, safety gear, tools, sunglasses, car racks, shoes and of course cheap mountain bike parts and accessories. It’s important when you buy used mountain bike parts and accessories that you make sure they are still in good condition otherwise you are just going to end up throwing your money away. Here we will go over three of the best places to buy MTB components for the lowest prices. However they got their reputation, Mongoose mountain bike parts are naturally very highly sought-after by hundreds of thousands of people.

While saving money is always nice, you also want to make sure you are getting quality components that are worth even the low price they are marked at. There is a website called ChainReactionCycles.com that has the largest selection Shimano mountain bike parts available. Here you can buy gear cables, chains, sprockets and cassettes, pedals, shifters, brakes and brake cables and even all kinds of smaller components like brackets and inserts.

BlueSkyCycling.com – This site has a massive range of cheap mountain bike parts from all of your favorite brands including Ferrari, Niner, Leader, Macneil and Sunday. They have very reasonable prices as well, and if you live in the New York area you can visit their store at 2015 Albany Post Road in Croton on Hudson.

There are several ways of getting used mountain bike parts both around your area and right here on the web. In 1983 they began producing aluminum racing and touring frames with MTB frames coming soon after. A lot of the time, these are great deals because it’s usually more expensive to buy specific brands, but then again the universal or generic discount mountain bike parts are poor quality. In fact, this brand is so popular that they are considered a leader in the global cycle component market where they claim an estimated 50% of the market share.

Used Mountain Bike Parts for Sale

There are a few websites you can buy Cannondale mountain bike parts from. Shimano mountain bike parts are some of the best that money can buy and they actually make up 75% of the company’s sales income. They have been around since 1971 and started out as a manufacturer of backpack for camping. Most of these places will only have a couple of Cannondale mountain bike parts to choose from so you’ll probably have to visit each one to make sure you get the best selection possible.

You don’t always have to buy replacement or aftermarket components for your specific brand. If all else fails, you can always call their hotline at (800) 626-2811 and figure out where a dealer location is near you.

Cannondale Mountain Bike Parts

It can be rather difficult finding replacement and aftermarket components for this brand in North America, and your best best is probably to shop online. A lot of times you have to buy components that are specific to the manufacturer of your cycle otherwise they won’t be compatible and it will be a waste of your time. There are dozens of websites to shop at and one place to help get you started is DownCycles.com. This is definitely on of the best resources to take advantage of.

Trek Mountain Bike Parts

Shimano Mountain Bike Parts

Where to Buy Mountain Bike Parts and Accessories

Whether you like to shop in stores or online, the popularity of this hobby/sport gives you plenty of places to buy components and accessories. In fact it may have been these stores that made them so famous. Mombat.org is a highly reputable source and were once known as FirstFlightBicycles.com but are slowly moving over to their new domain. There are a lot more used mountain bike parts for sale online though with websites like eBay, Amazon and Craigslist being the most reputable sources to purchase from. This is easy to do when you shop in stores and can see the components up close but when you shop online you have to be extra cautious and smart.

Here we will look at a plethora of information regarding how and where to buy mountain bike parts from popular brands like Cannondale, Mongoose, Trek and Shimano. It can be especially difficult if you’re attempting to locate them in a store around your area. All of these mountain bike parts are essential components for optimum performance and can be upgraded for even better performance if desired.

You usually won’t have too much trouble getting a hold of any downhill mountain bike parts and accessories, especially if you look online. Amazon actually has a decent selection and so does BikeMan.com, BikeParts.com and a couple of other websites. All of the resources located throughout this article are legit, however, since the best way to save the most money is to shop around, you might come across some sites that have discount mountain bike parts that aren’t really very durable. Headquartered in Waterloo, Wisconsin, and birthing in 1975, the vast majority of Trek mountain bike parts are actually manufactured in Taiwan and China, but that doesn’t mean anything because this company is world-renown for being top-notch in nearly any aspect imaginable.

Tips on Buying Discount Mountain Bike Parts

This is one of the most respected MTB companies on the market. There are a few other online resources for buying vintage mountain bike parts but none of them really can compare to the aforementioned site, however they are still worth checking out. We’ll also go over some very helpful tips on getting them for cheap, as well as resources for purchasing used and vintage MTB components. This makes shifting gears much easier because you don’t have to remove you hand for the handlebars, unlike the down tube shifting systems that were most common before the STI system was introduced.

Cheap Mountain Bike Parts for Sale

Unfortunately, it’s not too easy to find vintage mountain bike parts if you have never had to look for them before. You can also visit the actual JensonUSA outlet stores by using the store location feature or simply request a catalog.. I would recommend taking a look at some websites and seeing what they have to offer. Many of the most tempting discount mountain bike parts are basically universal and are compatible with the majority of the big name companies. This site has a large number of components to pick between including drivetrain, seats and seat posts, suspension components, forks, MTB, racing and BMX frames, pedals, handlebars, wheels and tires and many other downhill mountain bike parts for sale. Try to look up some customer reviews on the internet and make sure anything you plan on purchasing is worth your money. They offer some of the lowest prices on replacement and aftermarket MTB components and have weekly specials and closeouts on all their products.

Here is a company that is so popular that you can find them in any Walmart or Kmart all across the country. Keep in mind that these are just three websites out of several others that have cheap mountain bike parts for sale and it would be in your best interest to give each one of them a look to make sure you explore all of your options.

Buying second hand MTB components is an excellent way to save money and it’s very easy to find quality used mountain bike parts if you know where to look. If anything, eBay and Craigslist are also viable options to consider.

Mongoose Mountain Bike Parts

This Japanese manufacturer of cycling components, fishing tackle and even snowboarding equipment was founded nearly 90 years ago and have been producing high-quality road, hybrid and MTB cycle components like drivetrains, brakes, wheels and pedals the whole time. Check out your local cycle shops and pawn shops and you’ll probably find a pretty decent selection. In this section you will be provided with a couple of the best resources to consider using for 4 of the most popular brands.

Downhill Mountain Bike Parts

Pretty much any cycle shop will more than likely have some Trek mountain bike parts for sale like seats, rims, chains, sprockets, frames, forks and handlebars. You might be surprised at how many things like pedals, frames, forks, handlebars, stems, rims, cassettes and tires that people are trying to get rid of and the low prices are just icing on the cake. Cannondale mountain bike parts are top quality and are made in the USA, Pennsylvania to be exact. Chances are with a company as big as this there will be more sites with components than other brands that aren’t as reputable.

You can often pick from a halfway-decent selection of components at stores like Walmart, Toys ‘R’ Us, and a few sporting goods stores like MC Sports and Sports Authority. Chances are there will be significantly more to choose from.

There are literally dozens of different replacement and aftermarket mountain bike parts and accessories including the saddle or seat, the frame, fork, front and rear hubs, chain, rims, stem, gear shifters, brakes and brake levers, headsets and head tubes, down tubes, seat tubes and so many others. You might not think about Amazon when you think of MTB components but they actually do have quite a decent selection of popular brands of downhill mountain bike parts, and they are almost always going to be less expensive than other specialty sites.

One of the reasons Shimano mountain bike parts are so top-notch is because of the STI, which is the company’s “Total Integration” gearshift system that combines braking and gear shifting controls in the same component

Two Cheers for the USA Freedom Act

Like in the economic freedom area, you need a gadfly coalition of sorts to keep on putting pressure, to move the Overton Window in the long term.

I give Rand Paul a half a clap here. Just Security argues that his focus has been somewhat myopic, concerned at times by small things and missing the bigger picture (something I fully am able to believe) but something like this is a long game. [edit: first comment noted]

Log in to Reply. Two Cheers for the USA Freedom Act – Lawyers, Guns & Money : Lawyers, Guns & Money

Joe_JP says:June 8, 2015 at 10:00 am

Didn’t the Obama Administration support this legislation? The idea of having third parties store the information and using FISA warrants comes from a suggestion by a panel they formed to examine the question, right? Obama has since the beginning tweaked in small (but significant given the breadth of the issue) Bush’s national security / war on terror (trademark) polices. Anyway, don’t think Paul “lost” much here politically. His “brand” is overall helped. No law here given the current national security state environment is going to do enough.

I rather a better tool here (word used advisedly) but if we are stuck with Republican tools, at least they can sometimes be somewhat useful

CNN.com – Net casinos under scrutiny for money laundering

3004,” the bill proposes to give American law enforcement more tools to track illegal cash, even in the borderless world of the Internet.

Analysts say it’s in the best interest for gambling operators — cyber casinos don’t want to be mixed up in anything that could sanction a shut down.

“And they deal with small amounts. House panel agreed to curb online gambling as part of a bill to crush terrorist financial networks. “But there are also cases they are also hand in hand with this type of people.”

“They need to track down the terrorist financial network, but I don’t think that has anything to do with Internet gaming at all,” said Tim Lambe, vice president of SmartTransact, a company that develops software for online gaming sites.

“It would be wrong to link the two together.”

“The concern legislators have is that due diligence of online gambling is not as stringent as financial institutions,” said analyst Frank Yu of Hong Kong’s Ion Global.

A U.S. it is a risk,” said APG Secretariat head Rick McDonnell.

Concern over lax due diligence

“Through one of our companies, we are monitoring hundreds of gaming sites for the purpose of showing competitive odds and we have never heard of anything like that,” said SPP International managing director Peter Andersson.

Hard to hide

But industry players flat out disagree.

But so much money circles the Internet every day it’s difficult for casinos to spot the dirty from the clean.

As pressure mounts on online gambling, the sector is likely to see changes like improved identification and authentication.

Real world casinos work with real cash, and many leave cloudy audit trails that are hard to follow.

Financial watchdogs like the Asia Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG) also recognize the potential of online gaming sites as money laundering centers.

HONG KONG, China (CNN) — As governments around the world crack down on terrorist financial networks, cyber casinos are falling under increasing scrutiny.

By CNN’s Kristie Lu Stout

“From the perspective of the online gambling site, they could be properly legitimate. The illegal assets would then be disguised as a refund check.

But the online industry says, in the cashless world of net betting, many punters are tied to an account number, making it hard to hide.

Changes likely

“All transactions go through banking systems — credit cards, wire transfer or checks,” said Lambe.

“When you want your money out you have it the same way, so all the transactions are actually pretty transparent.”

The language referring to online gaming has since been removed from the piece of legislation, but widespread concerns about cyber casinos and money laundering remain.

“The only way of getting your funds to an Internet casino or an Internet bookmaker is to pay the casino by credit card or transfer it by bank transfer,” said SSP International’s Andersson.

Online bookmakers like the UK’s SSP International insist that their betting boards show absolutely no trace of money laundering.

“They may not even be aware that they are being used as a front or a conduit for money laundering,” said Yu. In my four years of this industry I have never seen this incidence of money laundering.”

. Called “H.R.

“Internet gambling is a vulnerable area… But what they fail on is the due diligence of finding out who they are accepting money from and who they are giving money to.”

In a cyber casino, it’s easy to wash dirty money by simply placing a deposit, gambling a small amount, and then asking for return of the remainder of the deposit

Obama proposes shifting funds from nuclear nonproliferation to nuclear weapons | The Center for Public Integrity

The officials have also decided to discuss a potential agreement for such reductions with Russian president Vladimir Putin.

Under the Obama administration’s proposal for fiscal year 2014, spending for the MOX plant would be around $330 million, or 47 percent of the budget it was supposed to get next year. That plant was initially budgeted at $1.8 billion, but the pricetag has ballooned to at least $7.5 billion, provoking widespread criticism and allegations of mismanagement.

Under the 2014 proposal, the Energy Department’s nuclear weapons activities funding — which includes modernization efforts for bomber-based and missile-based warheads – would be increased roughly 7 percent, or around $500 million, above the current level of $7.227 billion for these activities.

The priority shift “is going to be a disaster,” said a Democratic congressional aide, who asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak on the budget before its official release. Elzea, declined to address the issue in detail but confirmed that “over the past year DOD and DOE carried out a joint study regarding DOD’s nuclear weapons requirements and funding options for those requirements. It then asked the Pentagon to provide the additional $7 billion.

Much of the reduction in nonproliferation spending – around $183 million – would come from a controversial plant designed to transform excess plutonium from the U.S. But Democrats on Capitol Hill and independent arms control groups predicted the decision will provoke controversy and a substantial budget fight this year.

Only one category of Energy Department nonproliferation work would be increased – research and development, mostly to finance work on a new nuclear detonation sensor to be placed about Air Force satellites.

The Energy Department needs at least $3 billion to $5 billion more to upgrade the B61 nuclear bomb – meant for deployment aboard strategic and tactical aircraft – than it initially expected, and several billions of dollars more to cover cost overruns in construction of the uranium processing facility. military deploys could be cut by at least a third, below a limit of 1550 established in a treaty with Russia in 2010. continue to sustain the nation’s nuclear security,” he said, without delving into budgetary issues or specific programs.

Joan Rohlfing, president of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit arms control group founded by Ted Turner and former Sen. Not by a long shot.” He also proudly said the government has been “increasing funding, and sustaining it … nuclear weapons arsenal into fuel for reactors that generate electricity, known as the Mixed-Oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication plant in Savannah River, S.C. At the end of it, a $250 million DOE “nuclear counterterrorism incident response” program previously considered a weapons activity was shifted to the nonproliferation budget account, a change that has the effect of making the bottom line for that account look better than it otherwise would have.

Secretary of Energy nominee Ernest Moniz, speaking at a Senate confirmation hearing Tuesday, ducked multiple questions from Sen. “I will certainly look into this with high priority” if confirmed, he told Scott.

To cover the $10 billion total cost overrun, the Energy Department and its National Nuclear Security Administration agreed to transfer roughly $3 billion into weapons work from management accounts and other internal savings. (Work on the facility and its equipment was well along when DOE abruptly realized it would not be large enough to accommodate needed machinery, forcing a costly redesign and lengthy delays.)

Under the Obama proposal, the budget for other DOE work related to nuclear nonproliferation would also be curtailed by about $277 million. These programs have experienced billions of dollars in cost overruns in recent years, forcing the administration to look elsewhere in the DOE budget to find the money it needs to keep them alive.

The half-billion-dollar shift in spending priorities reflects an administration decision that nuclear explosives work the Energy Department performs for the military should be both accelerated and expanded. Tim Scott (R.-S.C.) about whether he supports completing the MOX plant. because our national security depends on it.”

The plant is about 60 percent completed, but one senior administration official called it “managerially and programmatically, a nightmare,” with continuously rising costs.

One, who asked not to be named, said the DOE shortfall had set off “months of wrangling” about the issue, not only within the department but at the highest levels of the administration. But that still left a $4 billion gap between DOE’s nuclear weapons-related promises to the military and its ability to complete that work, forcing a scramble during the department’s budget deliberations to cut from other programs, officials said.

The department also needs more funds than anticipated for improvements to the W76 warhead, which is carried by Trident submarine-based missiles.

Tom Collina, research director for the Arms Control Association, a Washington-based nonprofit group, said “in a way,” it seems inconsistent for the administration to promote arms control while cutting the DOE’s nonproliferation budget. But he said officials may have calculated that they cannot win congressional support for further cuts in nuclear arsenals with Russia without spending billions more to refurbish America’s remaining stockpile of nuclear weapons, under a bargain Obama struck during his first term.

The new weapons-related spending would expand efforts to upgrade the W76, W88, W78, and B-61 warheads, and help fund construction of a new facility in Tennessee for processing uranium, a nuclear explosive used in these and other warheads. A Pentagon spokeswoman, Jennifer D. Its construction would be greatly slowed, while the Defense Department and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration study alternative ways to safeguard tons of the excess plutonium.. In the end, the Pentagon was cajoled into contributing $3 billion more. “These cuts are going to be huge,” and will be particularly problematic amid budget boosts for weapons programs that many lawmakers believe “have been mismanaged for the last five to six years.”

But then-Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, after hearing from aides that these overruns were due in part to poor management and inaccurate cost accounting at DOE, initially said the department would not provide any new funds to DOE, on top of the $4.5 billion it previously promised to cover earlier overruns, according to two government officials privy to the deliberations.

Specifically, officials said, the Energy Department determined in consultation with the Pentagon that it would likely need $10 billion in new funds to fulfill all of its promises to the military for the production of modernized warheads, over the next decade alone.

Moniz, in his confirmation hearing, tread carefully around the topic of what the department should be spending on nonproliferation. The study determined that the modernization program was underfunded, and steps have been taken to ensure adequate funding for essential modernization needs moving forward.”

The department’s nonproliferation programs, aimed at diminishing the security threat posed by fissile materials in other countries that can be used for nuclear weapons, would be cut by roughly 20 percent, or $460 million, below the current level of $2.45 billion, the officials said.

The Center for Public Integrity has previously reported administration officials had agreed that the number of nuclear warheads the U.S. “If confirmed, I intend to make sure that [DOE laboratories and intelligence experts] … That would include a 16 percent cut in spending on efforts to halt the use of fissile material in civilian nuclear reactors and collect or secure weapons-usable fissile materials in other countries; an 8 percent cut in spending on policy to control the spread of nuclear weapons-related technologies; and a 36 percent cut in efforts to monitor potential illicit commerce in fissile materials.

As recently as December 3, President Obama described the government’s nuclear nonproliferation efforts – including some directed by the Defense Department – as “one of our most important national security programs.” Speaking at the National Defense University, Obama said the effort was “nowhere near done. Sam Nunn, said “the U.S. programs for securing, reducing and eliminating weapons usable nuclear materials are a critical part of our strategy for combating nuclear terrorism and preventing the proliferation of these deadly dangerous materials…A decision to significantly cut these programs, including our near-term ability to dispose of excess plutonium, would be a setback to our ability to reach critical security goals.”

But several officials and other sources familiar with the administration’s budget deliberations this year said the DOE nuclear weapons-related cost overruns and the new austerity climate gripping Washington – including the demand under so-called “sequestration” legislation for $54 billion in national security spending cuts each year until 2021 -had upended the administration’s plans to spend more on nonproliferation.

The Obama administration will propose a deep cut in funding for nuclear nonproliferation programs at the Energy Department largely so it can boost the department’s spending to modernize its stockpile of nuclear weapons, according to government officials familiar with the proposed 2014 federal budget to be unveiled Wednesday, April 10.

Asked for comment, NNSA spokesman Robert Middaugh said he could not respond until the budget has been formally released

CNN – Report: Stolen data gives China advanced nuclear know-how

Christopher Cox (R-California), chairman of the House select committee that conducted the year-long investigation.

Those weapons “may be tested in 1999 and could be deployed as soon as 2002,” the report states.

“It’s not good news,” he said. missile guidance systems through satellite launch deals with American companies.


Chinese Embassy to the U.S.

Office of the Director of Central Intelligence

Consulate General of the People’s Republic of China

China Today

Department of Energy

Department of Justice

  • Attorney General Janet Reno

The White House

  • National Security Council

  • Biography of Samuel Berger

Los Alamos National Laboratory

According to investigators, the CIA first learned of the extent of the Chinese espionage in 1995 when a Chinese national approached the agency and turned over a secret Chinese government document.

According to the report, U.S. you can learn a great deal about military matters in the United States,” Cox said.

“There are a number of reasons that intelligence services direct information this way,” Cox said. “The world is a lot less safer today as a consequence of these thefts.”

“What the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has stolen has enabled them to jump over decades of incremental development that were necessary, for example, for the United States,” said Cox.

The report by his committee said “China’s appetite for information and technology appears to be insatiable and the energy devoted to the task enormous.”

The report credits Energy Secretary Bill Richardson for making long-needed security improvements to the nation’s vulnerable nuclear labs, run by the Department of Energy.

“In many cases, a little piece of information might seem innocuous, but if you collect enough of them through the so-called matrix technique … submarine radar technology and illegally obtained secrets about U.S. According to the Cox report, China penetrated U.S. EDT (0242 GMT)


“It means that in addition to paying for our own defense, we are actually paying to arm a potential adversary,” Cox said.. “Ballistic and space launch programs have long been intertwined.”

The sharpest criticism for the theft of U.S.

“… intelligence has determined the technology espionage by the Chinese, dating back to the late 1970s and continuing through the 1980s and ’90s, “has leaped, in a handful of years, from 1950s-era strategic nuclear capabilities to the more modern thermonuclear weapon design.”

Details of the Cox report have been trickling out for weeks amid a growing criticism of the Clinton administration’s response to fix the security lapse after it was exposed in 1995.

WASHINGTON (CNN) — China could begin production of advanced thermonuclear weapons based on stolen U.S. and Hughes Electronics allegedly gave China unauthorized design information. insatiable’

But following the failures of some of those launches, U.S. nuclear arsenal — including those for the MX Peacekeeper and Minuteman III missiles.

Also among the purloined blueprints for weapons of mass destruction: the W-88 warhead, described as “the most sophisticated nuclear weapon the United States has ever built.”

Bob Franken and Pierre Thomas contributed to this report.

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“Some of the most significant thefts have occurred during the last four years,” Cox said.

“It does make one wonder how it is, how others who possessed this information could so readily have dismissed it, or not acted upon it,” Cox said.

“It means that we’re going to be preparing ourselves to defend against American technology used against us,” said Rep. design information during the next decade, according to a congressional report on Chinese nuclear espionage that will be released officially Tuesday.

Chinese knowledge increased by decades

The report concludes: Chinese “penetration of our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today.”

‘It’s not good news’

The CIA later determined that the person who turned over the document worked for Chinese intelligence.

The House investigative committee was formed in the wake of accusations that campaign contributions might have influenced the Clinton administration to give favorable trade treatment to U.S. Such information would likely find its way into the PRC’s ballistic missile program,” the congressional report said. nuclear labs, stealing secrets about the U.S. companies seeking waivers to launch satellites on Chinese rockets.

‘China’s appetite … satellite manufacturers Loral Corp. nuclear secrets is directed toward the Clinton administration and how slowly it reacted when word of the espionage surfaced.

In March, Richardson fired a longtime scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Wen Ho Lee, because of security violations as well as suspicions of espionage.


Shelby: Reno should resign over China espionage probe

May 23, 1999

Report: China benefited from stolen nuclear secrets

May 20, 1999

Congressman calls alleged Chinese spying ‘grave’

May 16, 1999

Sources: Report finds China stole ‘sensitive’ nuclear data

May 14, 1999

Reno defends computer-search caution in Los Alamos case

May 13, 1999

Senate spotlights nuclear security lapses

May 12, 1999

U.S. neutron bomb and every warhead in the U.S. “To advertise in some cases something about their strength that they want you to know; in other cases, to promote disinformation.”

All of the weapons could target the United States.

External sites are not endorsed by CNN Interactive.

The report also reveals allegations that China stole design information about U.S. State Department issues travel warning for China

May 10, 1999

Cox also has accused China of obtaining information through the use of “front companies” in the United States — a method he said is “far broader than previously realized.”

May 24, 1999

Web posted at: 10:42 p.m

Quality of warhead triggers questioned

“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.

Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.

Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. Such approval means they are ready to use.

At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.

A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.

Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.

The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.

Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.

The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.

In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.

Because the United States no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.

The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.

Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs

Workhorse Group Inc (WKHS.PK) Company Profile

The W22 chassis is designed to meet the needs of the recreational vehicle market for weight ratings up to 26,000 GVW. AMP E-100, an all-electric, medium-duty truck, is the second generation electric power-train. E-GEN is an electric drive that has a gasoline/propane or Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) engine that functions as an auxiliary generator that runs when the battery reaches a certain level of depletion, the vehicle is in PARK and the key is out. The W42 chassis is designed for the 12,000 to 14,500 Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) vehicle market. The Company’s products include trucks comprising powertrain and chassis.

Workhorse Group Inc., formerly AMP Holding Inc., incorporated on November 13, 2007, is a development-stage company. It includes a single electric motor with no transmission and Lithium Ion batteries giving it a range of up to 100 miles.

The Company competes with Ford Motor Company, Freightliner, Electric Vehicles International and Smith Electric Vehicles.

The Company’s chassis include W88, W22, W42 and W62. The W62 chassis is designed for the 19,500 to 23,500 GVW vehicle market. Powertrain includes E-GEN and AMP E-100. The Company designs, develops, manufactures and sells medium-duty trucks with powertrain components under the Workhorse chassis brand. The Company’s HorseFly Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is designed for the package delivery market as well as other commercial applications.. The W88 chassis is designed to meet the needs of a range of customers

The cost of military domination

The public is told there is no choice because “there is no money” for such programs. In the first three days of the 2011 assault on Libya, at least 161 such missiles were fired; in present-day prices that would cost $338 million, the same cost as the 2,800-foot long six-lane Stan Musial Veteran’s Memorial Bridge across the Mississippi River that recently opened.

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The US military, across all its branches, has 13,900 planes. Five E2-D Hawkeye command and control aircraft are requested for fiscal year 2016 at a cost of $263 million each. The 14 current Ohio-class submarines in the Navy’s fleet each contain up to 24 nuclear-armed Trident II ballistic missiles. For 2016, the President has proposed a total spending amount of $613 billion that would put Pentagon spending higher than any point during the presidency of Ronald Reagan.

When planes, bombs, missiles, crew, fuel, and supplies are added, the cost becomes unimaginably high. In the 2016 procurement budget, over twelve separate drone, plane, and helicopter programs each have budgets of $1-3 billion dollars. In the FY2016 proposal, another $22 billion would go towards the construction of submarines, destroyers, littoral combat ships, and a fuel tanker. In September, when the US began bombing ISIS in Iraq and Syria, the stocks of four of the five largest weapons makers–Lockheed Martin, Northrup Grumman, General Dynamics and Raytheon–soared to all time highs.

The deficit of the City of Detroit, which was the nominal cause for the city’s bankruptcy and the gutting of city workers’ pensions, was $327 million in 2013–less than the cost of one Navy F-35C. Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies is simply titled “The Trillion Dollar Nuclear Triad,” pointing to its estimate that $1 trillion will be spent on nuclear systems by the US in the next 30 years. Tomahawk cruise missiles, the notorious weapon of choice for the “shock and awe” bombardment of Iraq in 2003, now cost $2.1 million each. Dozens of other planes require tens or hundreds of millions annually.



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The officially budgeted military spending of the United States in 2014 was $610 billion, nearly 35 percent of global military spending and greater than the combined spending of China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, France, the UK, India and Germany.

The terrifying destructive potential of the US military, whether conventional or nuclear weapons, is a very profitable business. A January 2014 report from the James R. Northrup Grumman made the B-2 and is in fierce competition for the lucrative LRS-B contract.

Compared to other militaries worldwide, the US operates more planes in every type of category (combat, transport, helicopter, training, etc.) than any other nation. Adding the 2014 and 2015 budgets, nearly $4 billion has been spent for just 15 of these aircraft.

This vast fleet of aircraft includes some of the most expensive weapons ever created, and current weapons programs that will cost even more. Each missile has a range of over 5,000 nautical miles and upon reentry into the earth’s atmosphere can release eight W88 “multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles.” Each W88 can travel to a separate target and yield a blast more powerful than the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Real annual military spending by the United States is even higher, once nuclear weapons funding, interest payments on foreign wars, and the cost of veteran care is included. At current rates, military and intelligence spending between 2015-2020 will exceed $4 trillion.


Jeff Lusanne

8 May 2015

Between 2000 and 2006, the US Department of Defense budget rose from $300 billion to over $530 billion, and it continues at those levels, despite the sequester federal budget cuts. With these items, the annual amount is closer to $1 trillion.

Within the president’s proposed Pentagon budget for fiscal year 2016 there is a proposed 12 percent increase in procurement and RDTE spending to $177 billion, and much of it goes towards big-budget weapons programs designed to maintain total global military dominance.


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Aircraft carriers are just one aspect of several multi-billion-dollar ship programs. Each aircraft would carry millions of dollars worth of bombs and missiles. The category of Military Personnel received $142.9 billion, while procurement–new equipment–received $99.5 billion. Replacing every single locomotive of Amtrak would cost less than operating one aircraft carrier for one year.

Every passing year in America brings news of cutbacks to essential social programs, from food stamps and home heating assistance to research and infrastructure. The city has announced plans to shut off water service to more than 20,000 households to collect a debt that amounts to about one-eighth the cost of one such aircraft.

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Yet the F-35 is just one of many programs with equally staggering costs. What is never questioned in the political establishment is how a country with crumbling bridges and mass poverty can afford to spend hundreds of billions of dollars each year on the military.


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A largely hidden, yet massive, military cost is the operation, maintenance and replacement of the so-called “Nuclear Triad.” This is the system of nuclear warheads ready for deployment on long range bombers, submarines, and land-based installations, and each of the three elements are up for replacement during the 2020s.


The White House is requesting $1.7 billion in 2016 for research and development on what is likely the next aircraft boondoggle, the Long Range Strike Bomber (LRS-B.) This new, undisclosed “high tech, long range” bomber will replace the B-52, which has rained down death across the world for over 60 years; the B-1; and the B-2, the most expensive aircraft in history at $2 billion per plane. The carrier can hold up to 90 aircraft, but even just 40 F-35Cs would represent $13.4 billion dollars, more than the already gargantuan cost of the carrier itself. Already in 2015, research on these replacements is consuming billions per year, before designs have even been finalized and contracts secured. Russia, China and France each field just one. The F-22 Raptor, the military’s latest air superiority fighter, is consuming upwards of $500 million per year just for upgrades and modifications. The US Navy is constructing replacements of their fleet; the first Gerald R. The total cost of all the items on the ship is therefore only comparable to entire federal budget items like science, which has a proposed budget of $31 billion for 2016.


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In 2001, the per-plane estimated cost was $81 million, and the costs continue to rise as the plane is now seven years past its anticipated service date. Given the provocative nature of the US’s activity in Ukraine, Eastern Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region, the possibility of any escalation is an absolutely harrowing prospect.

Yet nothing costs more money than an aircraft carrier, and the Navy has 10 of them in operation. In 2016, the White House is requesting $11 billion in funding for another year of research, development, and procurement. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, only has a total of 355 locomotives to haul passengers across the entire country, nearly all of which are over 20 years old and in need of rebuilding or replacement. Including all of these costs, each of the 57 planes requested will cost $193 million.

Between the branches of the armed forces, 2014 funding was relatively equal: the Army received $167.4 billion, the Navy (including the Marines), $162.1 billion and the Air Force, $144.3 billion. The most recent cost estimate of the notoriously failure-prone F-35 fighter-bomber is $400 billion for procurement of 2,400 planes, while the lifetime operational cost will be $1 trillion.


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The destructive power of these nuclear forces is almost incomprehensible and greater than anything the world has ever known. Research, Development, Test Engineering (RDTE) received $62 billion, while construction and other assorted items took up the rest of the budget.


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‘. Despite this, the overall military budget has not mirrored the drop as more money has been plowed into the incredibly expensive, high-tech weapons systems of the Navy and Air Force.

Thus, each Ohio class submarine carries nearly 200 nuclear warheads that can simultaneously attack every major city of an entire region of the world–from just one submarine. Ford-class carrier was launched in 2015 and cost $12.8 billion.

The largest portion of the defense budget goes towards operations and maintenance of the military’s vast inventory of weapons and equipment. The Ford-class carrier is meant to feature the F-35C, which is the most expensive variant of the plane, at an estimated $337 million each. It is over 22 times the amount proposed in the discretionary budget for transportation, $27.4 billion, even as the American Society of Civil Engineers rates the state of US infrastructure as a “D,” requiring trillions of dollars in repairs. This includes a whopping 78 percent share of the global aerial refueling tanker fleet, the means by which combat aircraft can extend their flight range, allowing the US to more easily bomb anywhere in the world.

Operating a carrier strike group has an estimated daily cost of $6.5 million, which is the cost of a new high-speed passenger rail locomotive. The entire commercial aircraft fleet in America–including all the major airlines and freight carriers like FedEx and UPS–is less than half that amount, at 6,788 aircraft.

The proposed $613 billion in funding is more than eight times larger than the federal education budget. It also notes that Congress has no accurate measure of the actual current spending on nuclear programs.

The purchase cost of military systems is really just a fraction of their ultimate cost. The B-2 has an ongoing annual cost of $300-$400 million for the last five years. The Army’s costs have the largest connection to personnel, operations, and construction, and as US troop levels have been drawn down in Iraq and Afghanistan the Army’s share of funding has dropped significantly